Additionally, there are different types of depression; 

  • postnatal depression; some women develop depression after having a baby
  • ​Bipolar disorder is also known as "manic depression" where there are spells of depression and excessively high mood (mania). The depression symptoms are similar to clinical depression, but the bouts of mania can include harmful behaviour such as spending sprees and having unsafe sex
  • seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is also known as "winter depression", SAD is a type of depression that has a seasonal pattern usually related to winter problems

Depression

Symptoms of depression are varied, but can include: 

  • continuous low mood or sadness; feeling hopeless and helpless
  • feeling tearful; feeling guilt-ridden, irritable and/or intolerant of others 
  • limited motivation and energy, even for everyday tasks; moving more slowly than usual 
  • taking part in fewer social activities and avoiding contact with friends; limited interest or enjoyment for hobbies 
  • appetite problems which can include loss of appetite, or over-eating in an attempt to counteract negative feelings 
  • sleep disruption and disturbed sleep patterns, including difficulties getting off to sleep or early morning waking
  • difficulties concentrating, and short-term memory problems

Depression involves persistent feelings of sadness for weeks or months, rather than just a few days. Depression is not a sign of weakness or something you can "snap out of" by "pulling yourself together", however, with treatment and support, full recovery is quite possible. Psychologists make distinctions about its intensity and impact:  mild depression has some impact on daily life; moderate depression has a significant impact on daily life, while severe depression makes it almost impossible to get through daily life.

Depression is highly treatable with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), sometimes alongside antidepressant medicines. Also, there are many things you can do yourself to help such as attending "Blues Busters" or "Stress Busters",  Many people with depression benefit by making lifestyle changes such as getting more exercise, cutting down on alcohol, stopping smoking and eating more healthily.  Self-care and compassion are also vital (see link) because symptoms can improve when we look after ourselves, and treat ourselves with kindness, compassion and respect. 

Treatment towards better